Monthly Research Spotlight

In recognition of the contributions made to the field of automotive medicine, AAAM proudly spotlights innovative research published by our community and beyond.

January 2022

Timothy L. Brown, Christian Richard, Amir Meghdadi, Jared Poole, Abigail Fink, Marija Stevanović Karić, Marissa McConnell, Greg Rupp, Rose Schmitt, Gary G. Gaffney, Gary Milavetz & Chris Berka (2020) EEG Biomarkers Acquired During a Short, Straight-Line Simulated Drive to Predict Impairment from Cannabis Intoxication, Traffic Injury PreventioL, 21:sup1, S130 S134, DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2020.1814957.

As marijuana laws continue to be rolled back or relaxed around the United States, driving while under the influence of cannabis is of growing concern. One of the biggest issues is that there is not yet a reliable method to measure acute cannabis intoxication. Dr. Tim Brown and his collaborators at the University of Iowa and elsewhere published this study in 2020 as part of their work to better understand how we can assess driver performance and how it is affected by cannabis impairment.

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December 2021

Haddon W; (1970). The Pre-Crash, Crash, and Post-Crash Parts of the Highway Safety Problem. Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM). 14. Ann Arbor, MI, November 19-20.

Introducing the “Haddon Matrix”, Dr. William Haddon describes the whole-of-field approach needed to address the pre-crash, in-crash, and post-crash causes of injury and fatality from automobile collisions. Published in 1970, this study gives context to the substantial advancements that have been made through steady, determined progress in automobile and roadway safety, and is also prescient to enduring challenges. Highlighting the critical roles of research, roadway, and human infrastructure, this study is a must-read for all transportation safety professionals.

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November 2021

Sjaan Koppel, Jesús Jiménez Octavio, Katarina Bohman, David Logan, Wassim Raphael, Leonardo Quintana Jimenez & Francisco Lopez-Valdes (2019). Seating Configuration and Position Preferences in Fully Automated Vehicles. Traffic Injury Prevention, 20:sup2, S103-S109, DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1625336.

In this study, Prof. Sjaan Koppel and collaborators from across the globe studied preferences anticipated for a future of fully automated vehicles by carrying out an international survey. Their aim was to find out the preferred seating configuration, activity, and willingness to wear different seatbelt configurations from participants. The study is valuable for guiding future research on restraining systems for new seating postures enabled by autonomous vehicles.

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October 2021

Loftis, K. L., Price, J., & Gillich, P. J. (2018). Evolution of the Abbreviated Injury Scale: 1990–2015. Traffic injury prevention, 19(sup2), S109-S113.

The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been improved since its inception in the mid-1960s. This article explains how AIS codes have changed over the last 25 years to become an internationally accepted tool for categorizing injuries.

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September 2021

Tylko, S., Locey, C. M., Garcia-Espana, J. F., Arbogast, K. B., & Maltese, M. R. (2013). Comparative Performance of Rear Facing Child Restraint Systems on the CMVSS 213 Bench and Vehicle Seats. Annals of advances in automotive medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Annual Scientific Conference, 57, 311–328.

Tylko et al. compare child restraint test results using the FMVSS/CMVSS 213 test bench and production vehicle seats, and discuss how the differences that they observed may affect our understanding of the relative effectiveness of different installation methods for child restraints.

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August 2021

Weiss, E., Fisher Thiel, M., Sultana, N., Hannan, C., & Seacrist, T. (2018). Advanced driver assistance systems for teen drivers: Teen and parent impressions, perceived need, and intervention preferences. Traffic injury prevention, 19(sup1), S120-S124.

More new vehicles are equipped with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) than ever before. This novel study showed how teen drivers – a population that may benefit the most from ADAS – perceive ADAS. These findings can aid in future ADAS development and the education of these technologies, especially for novice and teen drivers.

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Seacrist, T., Douglas, E. C., Huang, E., Megariotis, J., Prabahar, A., Kashem, A., Elzarka, A., Haber, L., MacKinney, T., & Loeb, H. (2018). Analysis of near crashes among teen, young adult, and experienced adult drivers using the SHRP2 naturalistic driving study. Traffic injury prevention, 19(sup1), S89-S96.

Understanding the real-world driving experiences of teen drivers can provide valuable insights on their driving behavior and, ultimately, ways to improve it. This paper, which made use of the Strategic Highway Research Program 2 (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS), studied teen driver near crashes. These findings can aid policy efforts, vehicle development, educational campaigns, legislation, and other actions for improvement.

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July 2021

Lee, H. Y., Youk, H., Ii Lee, J., Kang, C. Y., Kong, J. S., Sung, S., Kang I. H., Lee J. H., Kim O. H., Jung W. J., Lee K. H., Youn Y. H., & Park, J. C. (2018). Injury analysis of patients according to impact patterns involved in pedestrian traffic crashes. Traffic injury prevention, 19 (sup1), S153-S157.

This article is a collaboration among emergency medicine physicians, engineers and traffic accident forensic experts in the Republic of Korea. This multidisciplinary team analyzed injury data from non-fatally and fatally injured pedestrians who presented to the emergency room and correlated it with the motor vehicle-pedestrian kinematic trajectories. The findings of the authors are applicable to the clinical setting. This publication is an example of the application of AIS coding in an international study.

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June 2021

Baker, S. P., O’Neill, B., Haddon, W., & Long, W. B. (1974). The injury severity score: development and potential usefulness. In Proceedings: American Association for Automotive Medicine Annual Conference (Vol. 18, pp. 58-74). Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine.

In this landmark 1974 study, former AAAM President Sue Baker and colleagues introduce a new metric linking AIS to mortality risk for multi-trauma – the Injury Severity Score (ISS).

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