Monthly Research Spotlight
In recognition of the contributions made to the field of automotive medicine, AAAM proudly spotlights innovative research published by our community and beyond.
Tylko, S., Locey, C. M., Garcia-Espana, J. F., Arbogast, K. B., & Maltese, M. R. (2013). Comparative Performance of Rear Facing Child Restraint Systems on the CMVSS 213 Bench and Vehicle Seats. Annals of advances in automotive medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Annual Scientific Conference, 57, 311–328.
Tylko et al. compare child restraint test results using the FMVSS/CMVSS 213 test bench and production vehicle seats, and discuss how the differences that they observed may affect our understanding of the relative effectiveness of different installation methods for child restraints.
Weiss, E., Fisher Thiel, M., Sultana, N., Hannan, C., & Seacrist, T. (2018). Advanced driver assistance systems for teen drivers: Teen and parent impressions, perceived need, and intervention preferences. Traffic injury prevention, 19(sup1), S120-S124.
More new vehicles are equipped with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) than ever before. This novel study showed how teen drivers – a population that may benefit the most from ADAS – perceive ADAS. These findings can aid in future ADAS development and the education of these technologies, especially for novice and teen drivers.
Seacrist, T., Douglas, E. C., Huang, E., Megariotis, J., Prabahar, A., Kashem, A., Elzarka, A., Haber, L., MacKinney, T., & Loeb, H. (2018). Analysis of near crashes among teen, young adult, and experienced adult drivers using the SHRP2 naturalistic driving study. Traffic injury prevention, 19(sup1), S89-S96.
Understanding the real-world driving experiences of teen drivers can provide valuable insights on their driving behavior and, ultimately, ways to improve it. This paper, which made use of the Strategic Highway Research Program 2 (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS), studied teen driver near crashes. These findings can aid policy efforts, vehicle development, educational campaigns, legislation, and other actions for improvement.
Lee, H. Y., Youk, H., Ii Lee, J., Kang, C. Y., Kong, J. S., Sung, S., Kang I. H., Lee J. H., Kim O. H., Jung W. J., Lee K. H., Youn Y. H., & Park, J. C. (2018). Injury analysis of patients according to impact patterns involved in pedestrian traffic crashes. Traffic injury prevention, 19 (sup1), S153-S157.
This article is a collaboration among emergency medicine physicians, engineers and traffic accident forensic experts in the Republic of Korea. This multidisciplinary team analyzed injury data from non-fatally and fatally injured pedestrians who presented to the emergency room and correlated it with the motor vehicle-pedestrian kinematic trajectories. The findings of the authors are applicable to the clinical setting. This publication is an example of the application of AIS coding in an international study.
Baker, S. P., O’Neill, B., Haddon, W., & Long, W. B. (1974). The injury severity score: development and potential usefulness. In Proceedings: American Association for Automotive Medicine Annual Conference (Vol. 18, pp. 58-74). Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine.
In this landmark 1974 study, former AAAM President Sue Baker and colleagues introduce a new metric linking AIS to mortality risk for multi-trauma – the Injury Severity Score (ISS).